23 October 2017

Universalism & Absolutism, Polytheism & Monotheism, Tolerance & Intolerance

Q: What is the truth?
There are two fundamental answers for this question:
A. There are many truths
B. There is only one truth

Accordingly, there are two fundamental philosophies:
A. Universalism
B. Absolutism

Asia is the cradle of all the world's major civilisations. It has three major regions:
1. India
2. East Asia
3. West Asia

Philosophically, India and East Asia were/are universalist and West Asia was/is absolutist. India's universalist philosophy gave birth to a universalist way of life: Hinduism.

Each region gave birth to several religions:
1. India: Shaivism, Vaishnavism, Shaktism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism
2. East Asia: Confucianism, Taoism, Shintoism
3. West Asia: Judaism, Christianity, Islam

Philosophy is the foundation of religion. Universalism expresses itself in religion as polytheism and tolerance. Absolutism expresses itself in religion as monotheism and intolerance.

1 comment:

S K Sharma said...

Nice article.
<a href="https://www.myviewsmydrishti.com/2018/08/intolerance-in-india.html”> Intolerance in India</a>